The Northeast Futsal Festival is committed to using FIFA Rules for ALL AGES and skill levels across all their programs (with a few exceptions).
What are the basic functions of what that means in relation to other organizations' "house rules"?
Mainly, it starts with the Goalkeepers' role in the flow of play:
Goalkeeper Arc will be marked across the middle of the basketball three-point arc
Goalkeepers can throw the ball ANYWHERE on the court (NO unnecessary bounces in their own "half-court")
Goalkeepers can only touch the ball (hands or feet) once per possession in their own "half-court"
Futsal is played with an optimised ball that does not bounce as much as a traditional football. The aim is to score in the opposition's goal, which measures three metres across and two metres high. Two referees officiate the game and are situated on each touchline. As there are no side hoardings, the ball can go out of play. If this happens, play resumes via a kick-in, rather than a throw-in or by rolling the ball. There is no offside in futsal.
22-minute halves(running clock)
This is one of the few exceptions NORTHEFUTSAL has made to FIFA Rules. While FIFA stops the clock every time the ball goes out of bounds, NORTHEFUTSAL matches will consist of two 22-minute halves, with the clock only stopping for extreme injuries and time-outs. In real time, games are designed to be a little under one hour in length so that a league or tournament can function properly (i.e. "on-time"). If tied at the end of regulation (and the match does not affect a knock-out stage of a tournament or league playoffs), all matches will NOT have overtime and will end in a tie.
Teams are entitled to a one-minute time-out in each half. A team that does not request a time-out in the ﬁrst half of the match is only entitled to one time-out during the second half. There are no time-outs in extra time.
A match is played by two teams, each consisting of not more than ﬁve players (a goalkeeper and four outfield players) and nine substitutes. There is no restriction on the number of substitutions that may be made during a match. Substitutions may be made at any time, whether the ball is in play or not, but only in the specially demarcated substitution zones.
Replacement of sent-off players
A substitute player may replace a sent-off player and enter the pitch two full minutes after the sending-off. They may, however, enter the pitch before the two minutes have elapsed should their team concede a goal while a player down.
Goalkeepers have only four seconds in which to play the ball, with either their hands or feet, and may not touch it again if it has been deliberately played to them by a team-mate without an opponent playing or touching it. Goalkeepers are also now free to play anywhere on the pitch and throw the ball beyond the halfway line, which was not previously permitted. Goalkeepers may touch the ball with their hands inside the penalty area, a semi-circle with a six-metre radius. They can move anywhere on the pitch and are allowed to throw the ball out into the opposition half. If the goalkeeper has the ball he must play it to a team-mate within four seconds, regardless of whether the ball is in his hands or at his feet. The goalkeeper may not take part in his team's ensuing attack, unless the other side touches the ball first or the goalkeeper is in the opposition's half.
If a player commits a foul the referee can decide to award either a direct or indirect free-kick, or a penalty if the foul took place inside the penalty area. Just like in football played on a grass pitch, yellow and red cards can be issued in futsal. If a player is shown a red card he can be replaced on the pitch by a substitute after a mandatory two-minute time penalty that always follows a red card. If the team concedes a goal during this time, a substitute may enter the pitch before the two-minute penalty has been completed.
All fouls committed by a team that result in a direct free-kick or a penalty in one half of the game are counted together; these are so-called accumulated fouls. Once a sixth accumulated foul has been committed, teams are awarded a free-kick without a wall on the second penalty mark, which is ten metres from goal and four metres behind the first penalty spot. If the foul was made between the byline and the second penalty mark, the free-kick may be taken closer to the goal. If a match goes to extra time the accumulated fouls from the second half remain valid and any further fouls are added to the tally.
Unlike 11-a-side football, goals may NOT be scored directly from the kick-off in futsal.